Design Development & Coordination
Pinnacle is the global leader with 15 years of experience in working with architects and assisting them in the process of developing their design. Our dedicated team of skilled personnel interacts with architects to understand their design-intent and provide value-added support as the design evolves from conceptual /schematic stage to construction stage. The inputs required by Pinnacle include any or all of the following:
- Conceptual drawings
- Conceptual models
Pinnacle’s resources translate designer’s thoughts, expressed through the aforesaid inputs into buildable information in the form of 2D drawings and/or 3D models.
The above process can pass through one or more of the following stages of Design Evolution:
1) Concept Design: Conceptual design is the very first phase of design, in which the drawings or the solid models are the dominant tools to provide a description of the proposed system. The description is in terms of a set of integrated ideas and concepts about what the proposed system should do, behave and look like, so that it is understandable by the users in their desired manner. We relate this stage of design roughly to the LOD 100 Revit model. LOD 100 Models include elements defined as Masses and are used for preliminary studies, such as Conceptual Design and Overall Project Phasing. Analysis based on their Location and Orientation can be performed and Quantities based on Overall Area and Overall Volume can also be obtained.
2) Schematic Design: Schematic design is an initial design scheme that seeks to define the general scope of the project, including scale and relationships between the building components. The architect’s sketches interpreting the client’s desired functional relationships between various activities are translated to a model, corresponding roughly with the LOD 200 Revit model. LOD 200 models include elements in which Masses are replaced with Generic Components. Analysis based on Overall Systems can be performed and Quantities based on specific Elements can also be obtained. The major characteristics of components are their thickness and width, allowing quick quantity-takeoffs.
3) Detailed Design: Detailed Design is the stage following schematic design where the schematic design decisions are worked out in greater details. The details get reflected in the model, corresponding roughly with the LOD 300 Revit model. This also provides the client with drafted to-scale drawings, illustrating how the project would look like after the construction gets over. LOD 300 models include elements in which Generic Components have been replaced with fully defined Assemblies. Analysis based on specific Systems can be performed and Quantities based on Materials can also be obtained. At LOD 300, the model can be leveraged for the generation of traditional Construction Documents and Shop Drawings and can be used for the analysis of Energy Performance, Clash & Cost.
4) Construction Documentation: Construction Documentation is a bridge between building design and physical building form. It encompasses the preparation of drawings and specifications that set forth the detailed requirements for the construction of a building project. In terms of modeling, this corresponds roughly with the LOD 400 Revit model with all information of the building. LOD 400 Models include elements that are accurate in terms of size, shape, location, quantity and orientation with complete fabrication, assembly and detailing information. At this Level, the Model has non-geometric (3D) information like text, dimensions, notes and 2D details and it is a complete representation of all the proposed elements. Analysis can also be performed at this level such as Energy Performance, Clash Detection and Sequencing & Cost. Instances of the sheets produced by Pinnacle during this stage include Overall & Enlarged Floor Plan, Typical Room Layouts, Elevations (All 4 Sides), Building Sections, Partition & Typical Details, Door & Window Details & Schedules, Floor Finish Plans & Details, Reflected Ceiling Plans & Details, Furniture Layout Plans, Landscape Plans & Details (As required), Interior Elevations, Egress Plans and Quantity Take-offs.
Pinnacle has also the expertise in assisting architects with the development of interior design – be it for renovation or new building. Our team assists the architects in their presentations by using AutoCAD, Revit, 3DS Max, Sketch Up, NavisWorks, Photoshop, etc and continues the job to Formatting & Construction Documentation with all detailing, sections and creation of material schedules & fixtures
Coordination with Other Trades
Coordination between different elements of a building is essential for the building design to be efficient. The gaps between design disciplines are a common cause for change orders in the field of construction and can be eliminated by early coordination among all trades (Architecture, Structure, MEP), thereby closing the design loopholes. Pinnacle’s team with 15 years of expertise proactively gets involved in finding and highlighting the possible gaps to the relevant disciplines.